Gabriele Susanne Kerner (born 24 March ), better known as Nena, is a German singer-songwriter, actress, and comedian who rose to international fame in as the eponymous lead Nena's re-recording of some of the band's old hit songs as a solo artist, produced by the 2 in the US, behind Van Halen's "Jump". We hope you enjoy using your bamix® for many years to come! Cordially yours Martin Schmied | CEO. Land: USA Restrictions such as those we are currently experiencing give many of us the „gift“ of free time – time to What do you think how old is this toy?
How old are you?We hope you enjoy using your bamix® for many years to come! Cordially yours Martin Schmied | CEO. Gabriele Susanne Kerner (born 24 March ), better known as Nena, is a German singer-songwriter, actress, and comedian who rose to international fame in as the eponymous lead Nena's re-recording of some of the band's old hit songs as a solo artist, produced by the 2 in the US, behind Van Halen's "Jump". This is the official Twitter account of #BMW of North America - for BMW fans and drivers in the USA. Woodcliff Lake, NJ testomaster-revisao.com
How Old Usa History of America VideoIs the United States a Country?
Eine derartige Bonusaktion How Old Usa hauptsГchlich dazu, um auf JackPots? - General principleGerman singer and actress.
It separated from a landmass known as Laurentia Lauren, to her friends which also contained Eurasia, around million years ago.
If you believe the age of the United States should be counted from when the Native Americans first set foot on the North American continent, then the age of the United States is somewhere between 15, and 40,years-old.
E and 38, B. E via a land bridge connecting North America to Siberia. He set sail on the evening of August 3, , in three ships: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
It took roughly 10 weeks to find the Americas, and on October 12, , he set foot in the Bahamas with a group of sailors from the Santa Maria.
If you believe the age of the United States should be counted from when the first settlement was established, then the United States is years old.
The first settlement was established on Roanoke Island in , however, all was not well. The harsh conditions and lack of supplies meant that by the time some of the original settlers arrived back on the island with supplies in , the settlement appeared to be completely abandoned with no sign of the original inhabitants.
If you believe the age of the United States should be counted from when the first successful settlement was established, then the age of the United States is years old.
In a joint venture with the Virginia Company, they established a second settlement at Jamestown in Once again, the harsh conditions, aggressive natives, and lack of supplies made life on the continental US very tough they even resorted to cannibalism to survive at one point , but the settlement was ultimately successful.
Europeans brought horses, cattle, and hogs to the Americas and, in turn, took back maize, turkeys, tomatoes, potatoes, tobacco, beans, and squash to Europe.
Many explorers and early settlers died after being exposed to new diseases in the Americas. However, the effects of new Eurasian diseases carried by the colonists, especially smallpox and measles, were much worse for the Native Americans, as they had no immunity to them.
They suffered epidemics and died in very large numbers, usually before large-scale European settlement began. Their societies were disrupted and hollowed out by the scale of deaths.
Spanish explorers were the first Europeans to reach the present-day United States, after Christopher Columbus 's expeditions beginning in established possessions in the Caribbean , including the modern-day U.
Virgin Islands. In , Hernando de Soto extensively explored the Southeast,  and a year later Francisco Coronado explored from Arizona to central Kansas in search of gold.
The Dutch West India Company sent explorer Henry Hudson to search for a Northwest Passage to Asia in New Netherland was established in by the company to capitalize on the North American fur trade.
Growth was slow at first due to mismanagement by the Dutch and Native American conflicts. The town rapidly expanded and in the mid s it became an important trading center and port.
Despite being Calvinists and building the Reformed Church in America , the Dutch were tolerant of other religions and cultures and traded with the Iroquois to the north.
The colony served as a barrier to British expansion from New England , and as a result a series of wars were fought.
The colony was taken over by Britain in and its capital was renamed New York City. New Netherland left an enduring legacy on American cultural and political life of religious tolerance and sensible trade in urban areas and rural traditionalism in the countryside typified by the story of Rip Van Winkle.
Notable Americans of Dutch descent include Martin Van Buren , Theodore Roosevelt , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Eleanor Roosevelt and the Frelinghuysens.
In the early years of the Swedish Empire , Swedish, Dutch, and German stockholders formed the New Sweden Company to trade furs and tobacco in North America.
The company's first expedition was led by Peter Minuit , who had been governor of New Netherland from to but left after a dispute with the Dutch government, and landed in Delaware Bay in March The settlers founded Fort Christina at the site of modern-day Wilmington, Delaware , and made treaties with the indigenous groups for land ownership on both sides of the Delaware River.
Over the following seventeen years, 12 more expeditions brought settlers from the Swedish Empire which also included contemporary Finland, Estonia, and portions of Latvia, Norway, Russia, Poland, and Germany to New Sweden.
The colony established 19 permanent settlements along with many farms, extending into modern-day Maryland , Pennsylvania , and New Jersey.
It was incorporated into New Netherland in after a Dutch invasion from the neighboring New Netherland colony during the Second Northern War.
Giovanni da Verrazzano landed in North Carolina in , and was the first European to sail into New York Harbor and Narragansett Bay.
A decade later, Jacques Cartier sailed in search of the Northwest Passage, but instead discovered the Saint Lawrence River and laid the foundation for French colonization of the Americas in New France.
After the collapse of the first Quebec colony in the s, French Huguenots settled at Fort Caroline near present-day Jacksonville in Florida.
After this, the French mostly remained in Quebec and Acadia , but far-reaching trade relationships with Native Americans throughout the Great Lakes and Midwest spread their influence.
French colonists in small villages along the Mississippi and Illinois rivers lived in farming communities that served as a grain source for Gulf Coast settlements.
The French established plantations in Louisiana along with settling New Orleans , Mobile and Biloxi. The English, drawn in by Francis Drake 's raids on Spanish treasure ships leaving the New World, settled the strip of land along the east coast in the s.
The first British colony in North America was established at Roanoke by Walter Raleigh in , but failed. It would be twenty years before another attempt.
The early British colonies were established by private groups seeking profit, and were marked by starvation, disease, and Native American attacks. Many immigrants were people seeking religious freedom or escaping political oppression, peasants displaced by the Industrial Revolution, or those simply seeking adventure and opportunity.
In some areas, Native Americans taught colonists how to plant and harvest the native crops. In others, they attacked the settlers.
Virgin forests provided an ample supply of building material and firewood. Natural inlets and harbors lined the coast, providing easy ports for essential trade with Europe.
Settlements remained close to the coast due to this as well as Native American resistance and the Appalachian Mountains that were found in the interior.
The first successful English colony, Jamestown , was established by the Virginia Company in on the James River in Virginia. The colonists were preoccupied with the search for gold and were ill-equipped for life in the New World.
Captain John Smith held the fledgling Jamestown together in the first year, and the colony descended into anarchy and nearly failed when he returned to England two years later.
John Rolfe began experimenting with tobacco from the West Indies in , and by the first shipment arrived in London. It became Virginia's chief source of revenue within a decade.
In , after years of disease and Indian attacks, including the Powhatan attack of , King James I revoked the Virginia Company's charter and made Virginia a royal colony.
New England was initially settled primarily by Puritans fleeing religious persecution. The Pilgrims sailed for Virginia on the Mayflower in , but were knocked off course by a storm and landed at Plymouth , where they agreed to a social contract of rules in the Mayflower Compact.
Like Jamestown, Plymouth suffered from disease and starvation, but local Wampanoag Indians taught the colonists how to farm maize. Plymouth was followed by the Puritans and Massachusetts Bay Colony in They maintained a charter for self-government separate from England, and elected founder John Winthrop as the governor for most of its early years.
Roger Williams opposed Winthrop's treatment of Native Americans and religious intolerance, and established the colony of Providence Plantations , later Rhode Island , on the basis of freedom of religion.
Other colonists established settlements in the Connecticut River Valley, and on the coasts of present-day New Hampshire and Maine.
Native American attacks continued, with the most significant occurring in the Pequot War and the King Philip's War. New England became a center of commerce and industry due to the poor, mountainous soil making agriculture difficult.
Rivers were harnessed to power grain mills and sawmills, and the numerous harbors facilitated trade. Tight-knit villages developed around these industrial centers, and Boston became one of America's most important ports.
In the s, the Middle Colonies of New York , New Jersey , and Delaware were established in the former Dutch New Netherland, and were characterized by a large degree of ethnic and religious diversity.
At the same time, the Iroquois of New York, strengthened by years of fur trading with Europeans, formed the powerful Iroquois Confederacy.
The last colony in this region was Pennsylvania , established in by William Penn as a home for religious dissenters, including Quakers , Methodists , and the Amish.
While Quakers populated the city, German immigrants began to flood into the Pennsylvanian hills and forests, while the Scots-Irish pushed into the far western frontier.
The extremely rural Southern Colonies contrasted greatly with the north. Outside of Virginia, the first British colony south of New England was Maryland , established as a Catholic haven in The economy of these two colonies was built entirely on yeoman farmers and planters.
The planters established themselves in the Tidewater region of Virginia, establishing massive plantations with slave labor, while the small-scale farmers made their way into political office.
In , the Province of Carolina was established, and Charleston became the region's great trading port. While Virginia's economy was based on tobacco, Carolina was much more diversified, exporting rice, indigo, and lumber as well.
In the colony was split in half, creating North and South Carolina. The Indian massacre of Jamestown settlers in Soon the colonists in the South feared all natives as enemies.
John Gadsby Chapman , Baptism of Pocahontas , on display in the Rotunda of the U. Religiosity expanded greatly after the First Great Awakening , a religious revival in the s which was led by preachers such as Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield.
American Evangelicals affected by the Awakening added a new emphasis on divine outpourings of the Holy Spirit and conversions that implanted new believers with an intense love for God.
Revivals encapsulated those hallmarks and carried the newly created evangelicalism into the early republic, setting the stage for the Second Great Awakening in the late s.
Each of the 13 American colonies had a slightly different governmental structure. Typically, a colony was ruled by a governor appointed from London who controlled the executive administration and relied upon a locally elected legislature to vote on taxes and make laws.
By the 18th century, the American colonies were growing very rapidly as a result of low death rates along with ample supplies of land and food.
The colonies were richer than most parts of Britain, and attracted a steady flow of immigrants, especially teenagers who arrived as indentured servants.
Over half of all European immigrants to Colonial America arrived as indentured servants. Typically, people would sign a contract agreeing to a set term of labor, usually four to seven years, and in return would receive transport to America and a piece of land at the end of their servitude.
In some cases, ships' captains received rewards for the delivery of poor migrants, and so extravagant promises and kidnapping were common. The Virginia Company and the Massachusetts Bay Company also used indentured servant labor.
The first African slaves were brought to Virginia  in ,  just twelve years after the founding of Jamestown. Initially regarded as indentured servants who could buy their freedom, the institution of slavery began to harden and the involuntary servitude became lifelong  as the demand for labor on tobacco and rice plantations grew in the s.
The question of independence from Britain did not arise as long as the colonies needed British military support against the French and Spanish powers.
Those threats were gone by However, London continued to regard the American colonies as existing for the benefit of the mother country in a policy known as mercantilism.
Colonial America was defined by a severe labor shortage that used forms of unfree labor , such as slavery and indentured servitude. The British colonies were also marked by a policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, known as salutary neglect.
This permitted the development of an American spirit distinct from that of its European founders. An upper-class emerged in South Carolina and Virginia, with wealth based on large plantations operated by slave labor.
A unique class system operated in upstate New York , where Dutch tenant farmers rented land from very wealthy Dutch proprietors, such as the Van Rensselaer family.
The other colonies were more egalitarian, with Pennsylvania being representative. By the midth century Pennsylvania was basically a middle-class colony with limited respect for its small upper-class.
A writer in the Pennsylvania Journal in summed it up:. The People of this Province are generally of the middling Sort, and at present pretty much upon a Level.
They are chiefly industrious Farmers, Artificers or Men in Trade; they enjoy in are fond of Freedom, and the meanest among them thinks he has a right to Civility from the greatest.
The French and Indian War —63 , part of the larger Seven Years' War , was a watershed event in the political development of the colonies.
The influence of the French and Native Americans, the main rivals of the British Crown in the colonies and Canada, was significantly reduced and the territory of the Thirteen Colonies expanded into New France , both in Canada and Louisiana.
The war effort also resulted in greater political integration of the colonies, as reflected in the Albany Congress and symbolized by Benjamin Franklin 's call for the colonies to " Join, or Die ".
Following Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America, King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of , with the goal of organizing the new North American empire and protecting the Native Americans from colonial expansion into western lands beyond the Appalachian Mountains.
In the following years, strains developed in the relations between the colonists and the Crown. The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act of , imposing a tax on the colonies, without going through the colonial legislatures.
The issue was drawn: did Parliament have the right to tax Americans who were not represented in it? Crying " No taxation without representation ", the colonists refused to pay the taxes as tensions escalated in the late s and early s.
An painting of the Boston Tea Party. The population density in the American Colonies in The Boston Tea Party in was a direct action by activists in the town of Boston to protest against the new tax on tea.
Parliament quickly responded the next year with the Intolerable Acts , stripping Massachusetts of its historic right of self-government and putting it under military rule, which sparked outrage and resistance in all thirteen colonies.
Patriot leaders from every colony convened the First Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance to the Intolerable Acts.
The Congress called for a boycott of British trade , published a list of rights and grievances , and petitioned the king to rectify those grievances.
Common people became insurgents against the British even though they were unfamiliar with the ideological rationales being offered. They were highly sensitive to the issue of tyranny, which they saw manifested by the arrival in Boston of the British Army to punish the Bostonians.
This heightened their sense of violated rights, leading to rage and demands for revenge, and they had faith that God was on their side.
The American Revolutionary War began at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts in April when the British tried to seize ammunition supplies and arrest the Patriot leaders.
In terms of political values, the Americans were largely united on a concept called Republicanism , which rejected aristocracy and emphasized civic duty and a fear of corruption.
For the Founding Fathers , according to one team of historians, "republicanism represented more than a particular form of government.
It was a way of life, a core ideology, an uncompromising commitment to liberty, and a total rejection of aristocracy. The Thirteen Colonies began a rebellion against British rule in and proclaimed their independence in as the United States of America.
In the American Revolutionary War —83 the Americans captured the British invasion army at Saratoga in , secured the Northeast and encouraged the French to make a military alliance with the United States.
France brought in Spain and the Netherlands, thus balancing the military and naval forces on each side as Britain had no allies. General George Washington —99 proved an excellent organizer and administrator who worked successfully with Congress and the state governors, selecting and mentoring his senior officers, supporting and training his troops, and maintaining an idealistic Republican Army.
His biggest challenge was logistics, since neither Congress nor the states had the funding to provide adequately for the equipment, munitions, clothing, paychecks, or even the food supply of the soldiers.
As a battlefield tactician, Washington was often outmaneuvered by his British counterparts. As a strategist, however, he had a better idea of how to win the war than they did.
The British sent four invasion armies. Washington's strategy forced the first army out of Boston in , and was responsible for the surrender of the second and third armies at Saratoga and Yorktown He limited the British control to New York City and a few places while keeping Patriot control of the great majority of the population.
As the war ended, the final British army sailed out of New York City in November , taking the Loyalist leadership with them. Washington unexpectedly then, instead of seizing power for himself, retired to his farm in Virginia.
In this sense, it was the first 'new nation'. On July 2, , the Second Continental Congress , meeting in Philadelphia , declared the independence of the colonies by adopting the resolution from Richard Henry Lee , that stated:.
On July 4, they adopted the Declaration of Independence and this date is celebrated as the nation's birthday.
On September 9 of that year, Congress officially changed the nation's name to the United States of America.
Until this point, the nation was known as the "United Colonies of America". The new nation was founded on Enlightenment ideals of liberalism and what Thomas Jefferson called the unalienable rights to "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness".
It was dedicated strongly to republican principles, which emphasized that people are sovereign not hereditary kings , demanded civic duty, feared corruption, and rejected any aristocracy.
In the s the national government was able to settle the issue of the western regions of the young United States, which were ceded by the states to Congress and became territories.
With the migration of settlers to the Northwest, soon they became states. Nationalists worried that the new nation was too fragile to withstand an international war, or even internal revolts such as the Shays' Rebellion of in Massachusetts.
The delegates from every state wrote a new Constitution that created a much more powerful and efficient central government, one with a strong president, and powers of taxation.
The new government reflected the prevailing republican ideals of guarantees of individual liberty and of constraining the power of government through a system of separation of powers.
The Congress was given authority to ban the international slave trade after 20 years which it did in A compromise gave the South Congressional apportionment out of proportion to its free population by allowing it to include three-fifths of the number of slaves in each state's total population.
This provision increased the political power of southern representatives in Congress, especially as slavery was extended into the Deep South through removal of Native Americans and transportation of slaves by an extensive domestic trade.
To assuage the Anti-Federalists who feared a too-powerful national government, the nation adopted the United States Bill of Rights in Comprising the first ten amendments of the Constitution, it guaranteed individual liberties such as freedom of speech and religious practice, jury trials, and stated that citizens and states had reserved rights which were not specified.
The national capital moved from New York to Philadelphia in and finally settled in Washington DC in The major accomplishments of the Washington Administration were creating a strong national government that was recognized without question by all Americans.
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison formed an opposition Republican Party usually called the Democratic-Republican Party by political scientists.
Hamilton and Washington presented the country in with the Jay Treaty that reestablished good relations with Britain. The Jeffersonians vehemently protested, and the voters aligned behind one party or the other, thus setting up the First Party System.
Federalists promoted business, financial and commercial interests and wanted more trade with Britain. Republicans accused the Federalists of plans to establish a monarchy, turn the rich into a ruling class, and making the United States a pawn of the British.
Serious challenges to the new federal government included the Northwest Indian War , the ongoing Cherokee—American wars , and the Whiskey Rebellion , in which western settlers protested against a federal tax on liquor.
Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Asked By Veronica Wilkinson. How old is the United States of America?
Is there a bed frame that will adjust to a king bed and still use a queen headboard? How many people go to Lourdes each year?
What is decoy oligonucleotides? How much weight do you lose running? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.
Ask Question Log in. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. History of the United States.
US Constitution. Declaration of Independence. Asked by Wiki User. Top Answer. Wiki User Answered Related Questions.
When this happens, cellular damage occurs. In fact, studies show more genetic abnormalities can be observed in older patients. Most organisms have chromosomes , which are strand-like material with protein and nucleic acids that carry genetic information.
At the ends of these chromosomes are telomeres which act like protective caps that do not carry genetic material. When cells divide and replicate, a portion of the telomere gets transferred to another end of the chromosome.
Over time, the telomere erodes and shortens with repeated replication, until it's almost gone. This leaves the genetic material bare, which can cause cell death apoptosis.
When cells can no longer divide, they become senescent cells and eventually die. In other cases, the anomaly may create cancer cells.
This is why research shows telomere shortening makes people prone to degenerative diseases. To cure cellular damage and telomere shortening, scientists do advanced gene therapy research, which involves the addition of new genes to cells in order to replace malfunctioning genes and help correct genetic disorders.
An example of a biotech company that has done successful testing on telomere shortening is Bioviva USA.
According to Bioviva CEO Elizabeth Parrish, gene therapy can prolong the lifespan of an old telomere by up to 20 years.
Parrish notes:. Apart from the genetic level, other factors such as hormonal and metabolic processes contribute to aging.
The endocrine system regulates several bodily processes, such as metabolism and sexual reproduction. For instance, studies show that older men have lower testosterone levels, while women tend to have lower estradiol and estrogen levels after menopause.
These hormones contribute to healthy sexual reproduction, a function that deteriorates as you age. More over, as you gain more years, your metabolism slows down.
Metabolism is basically a combination of chemical reactions that keep your body functioning. When metabolism slows down, you tend to be less active, making you lose more muscle.
While aging happens at the cellular level, other elements that contribute to its damage include environmental and lifestyle factors.
Consider immediate factors like your diet, stress levels, pollution in your surroundings that can affect your health and lifespan. Taking care of your body involves making conscious decisions, such as having a nutritious diet and a clean lifestyle, to improve your health.
Gene therapy may address this problem in the cellular level, but we need to wait for more breakthroughs in order for medical authorities to approve the treatment.
Throughout life, men and women undergo various developmental changes until they mature as adults. To understand how growing old greatly impacts physical and psychological health, here is a summary of stages with corresponding biological changes for both men and women.
Puberty spells growth spurts and the onset of sexual development due to hormonal changes. It is made up of a series of stages which influence the development of muscles , bones, and other bodily functions.
For this reason, parents may feel that childhood may pass quickly. Most people might think puberty starts when children reach their teens, but it can actually occur earlier below 10 years old.
John Hancock was the first to sign. In fact, two of the people who signed the declaration would become presidents. They were Thomas Jefferson and John Adams.
The Constitution. The country adopted the United States Constitution on September 17, It established new laws. It made a new identity for America.
The document served as a follow up to the Articles of Confederation, which was tossed aside because it limited the power of the federal government.
A Growing Country. After Colonists declared independence and the British Empire withdrew its troops, the United States of America grew. In , the country purchased land from France.
The Louisiana Purchase included land that extended from Mexico to Canada.The Constitution The country adopted the United States Constitution on September 17, History Super Review. Two other amendments were also ratified, ensuring citizenship for blacks and, at least in theory, voting rights Betg them as well. Samuels The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC reported that the United States had an average Mibr Vs Chaos expectancy at birth of This is the official Twitter account of #BMW of North America - for BMW fans and drivers in the USA. Woodcliff Lake, NJ testomaster-revisao.com gradual changes make it harder to define how old a model is. Risk Assessment define how milk is produced, in the USA it is the FDA standards and in France. Gabriele Susanne Kerner (born 24 March ), better known as Nena, is a German singer-songwriter, actress, and comedian who rose to international fame in as the eponymous lead Nena's re-recording of some of the band's old hit songs as a solo artist, produced by the 2 in the US, behind Van Halen's "Jump". Fragen im Vorstellungsgespräch für Account Manager. How old are you?.